DAWN OF A NEW ERA
The Abraham Accords refer collectively to the agreements of warm peace, diplomatic relations, and full normalization between Israel and partner countries including the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Morocco, Sudan, and Kosovo. The Abraham Accords mark a historic step toward moving beyond the Arab-Israeli conflict that has, historically, inhibited progress in the Middle East since the founding of the State of Israel in 1948. Over seven decades, this conflict divided countries and local populations while allowing a counter-productive narrative to undermine hopes for a better future for the people of the region.
The Abraham Accords constitute the beginning of a transformation of a region that has historically confounded geopolitics. As Secretary Blinken recently observed in his remarks receiving Israeli Foreign Minister Yair Lapid in Washington, “You rightly noted our strong support for the normalization agreements, the Abraham Accords with Israel’s neighbors and beyond. We strongly support this and hopefully there’ll be other participants.”
For the first three decades following the establishment of the state of Israel, peaceful and friendly relations with its neighbors was an elusive dream. A landmark event on the path to peace in the region occurred when the first peace treaty between Israel and a neighbor was signed. Following negotiations at the U.S. presidential retreat at Camp David, the “Camp David Accords” were signed by Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin and Egyptian President Anwar Sadat on September 17, 1978, paving the way for the Egypt-Israel Peace treaty, which was signed at the White House on March 26, 1979 in the presence of U.S. President Jimmy Carter. The next major breakthrough occurred on July 25, 1994, when Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, King Hussein bin Talal of Jordan, and U.S. President Bill Clinton signed the Washington Declaration in Washington, DC, announcing the end of the official state of enmity between the nations, and the start of negotiations on a peace treaty. On October 26, 1994, Rabin and the Prime Minister of Jordan Adbelsalam Majali signed the Israel-Jordan peace treaty in a ceremony attended by U.S. President Bill Clinton close to the Israel-Jordan border.
These seminal agreements laid the foundation for subsequent progress towards peace. However, it would be another quarter century before their promise bore the fruit of additional normalization agreements. In the summer of 2020, an incredible new chapter of the story of the journey to lasting peace and harmony began. On August 13th, U.S. President Donald Trump announced an agreement between the United Arab Emirates and Israel to fully normalize relations following a phone call with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed al-Nahyan. This agreement, the first of its kind between Israel and a Gulf Arab state, began an unprecedented wave of diplomatic breakthroughs.
Almost immediately, negotiations began with another Gulf state, culminating in a September 11th phone call between Trump, Netanyahu, and Bahrain’s King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, which resulted in another normalization agreement. As a result of Bahrain becoming the second Arab state in one month to normalize relations with Israel, as many Arab states had normalized relations with Israel in that one-month period as had done so in the entire prior history of the state of Israel. Additional good news had arrived in the interim in the form of an agreement between Israel and Kosovo on September 4, 2020 to officially establish diplomatic relations. Once again, the Trump administration had been instrumental in securing the agreement. The momentum towards peace continued to pick up steam. On October 23rd, President Trump, while joined on the phone by Netanyahu, Sudanese Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok, and Sudanese Chairman of the Sovereignty Council Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, announced the agreement between Israel and Sudan to normalize relations. On January 6th, 2021, Sudan officially signed the Abraham Accords Declaration in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum. By this time, another country had joined the movement towards peace.
On December 10, 2020, an agreement between Israel and Morocco to normalize relations was announced following a phone call between President Trump and Morocco’s King Mohammed VI. In signing a Joint Declaration on December 22, 2020, Morocco became the sixth Arab League country to normalize relations with Israel. Of these six states, four had normalized relations in an unprecedented wave of agreements, in the second half of 2020. In order to sustain the Abraham Accords’ momentum towards peace, the Abraham Accords Peace Institute now exists to strengthen and solidify the ties among the members of the Abraham Accords, and in turn, demonstrate the benefits of peace and incentivize future signatories.Read The Accords
RESOURCE: ABRAHAM ACCORDS PROGRESS REPORT 2021: A YEAR IN REVIEW
January 20, 2022
The Abraham Accords Declaration: Sudan
January 06, 2021
The Joint Declaration of the United States, Morocco, and Israel
December 22, 2020
Abraham Accords Peace Agreement: Treaty of Peace, Diplomatic Relations and Full Normalization Between The United Arab Emirates and the State of Israel
September 15, 2020
Document of the Accords
The Abraham Accords Declaration
September 15, 2020
Abraham Accords: Declaration of Peace, Cooperation, and Constructive Diplomatic and Friendly Relations
September 15, 2020
Sept 17, 1978
Camp David Accords
Agreements between Israel and Egypt signed on September 17, 1978 that were brokered by U.S. President Jimmy Carter between Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin. As the first peace treaty between Israel and its Arab neighbours, Sadat and Begin were awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1978 for their contributions to the Accords. The agreements were dubbed "Camp David Accords" because the negotiations took place at the U.S. presidential retreat at Camp David, Maryland.
March 26, 1979
Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty
The Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty was signed by Egyptian president Anwar Sadat and Israeli prime minister Menachem Begin, and witnessed by United States President Jimmy Carter at the White House on March 26, 1979.
July 25, 1994
After generations of hostility, blood and tears and in the wake of years of pain and wars, His Majesty King Hussein and Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin are determined to bring an end to bloodshed and sorrow. It is in this spirit that His Majesty King Hussein of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and Prime Minister and Minister of Defense, Mr. Yitzhak Rabin of Israel, met in Washington at the invitation of President William J. Clinton of the United States of America.
Oct 26, 1994
Israel-Jordan Peace Treaty Anniversary
The Israel–Jordan peace treaty ended a 46-year state of war that has existed between Israel and Jordan and established mutual diplomatic relations.
Aug 13, 2020
United Staes, United Arab Emirates, and Israel Normalization Call
On a phone call between U.S. President Donald Trump, Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed al-Nahyan, and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, an agreement is reached to work towards a "full normalization of relations" between the United Arab Emirates and Israel. In the process, the United Arab Emirates became the first Gulf Arab state to establish normalized relations with Israel.
Sept 4, 2020
United States, Kosovo, and Israel Normalization Call
As part of an economic normalization agreement between Serbia and Kosovo signed at the White House in the presence of U.S. President Donald Trump, Kosovo and Israel agreed to establish diplomatic relations.
Sept 11, 2020
United States, Bahrain, and Israel Normalization Call
Following a phone call between U.S. President Donald Trump, Bahrain's King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, an agreement is announced to normalize relations between Bahrain and Israel. Bahrain became the second Arab nation in a month to normalize relations with Israel, after only two Arab nations had normalized relations with Israel in its entire prior history.
Sept 15, 2020
Abraham Accords Signing Ceremony at the White House
The White House hosted a historic signing ceremony for the Abraham Accords. U.S. President Donald Trump, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, United Arab Emirates Foreign Affairs Minister Abdullah bin Zayed, and Bahrain Foreign Minister Abdullatif bin Rashid al Zayani signed the normalization agreements on the South Lawn of the White House.
Oct 23, 2020
United States, Sudan, and Israel Normalization Call
U.S. President Donald Trump announces from the Oval Office the agreement between Sudan and Israel to normalize relations while joined on the phone by Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, Sudanese Prime Minister Abdalla Mamdok, and Sudanese Chairman of the Sovereignty Council Abdel Fattah al-Burhan.
Dec 10, 2021
United States, Morocco, and Israel Normalization Call
Following a phone call between U.S. President Donald Trump and Morocco's King Mohammed VI, Morocco and Israel agree to establish diplomatic relations. Morocco became the sixth Arab League state, and the fourth of 2020, to normalize relations with Israel.
Advancing The Abraham Accords
The Abraham Accords Peace Institute's role is to tangibly solidify and strengthen the bonds among the members of the Abraham Accords, positively reinforcing the signatories’ decision to join the Accords. The Institute will serve as the primary platform for disseminating the progress made through the Accords, thereby countering the propaganda and misperceptions that allows the Arab-Israeli conflict to persist. The Institute will sustain existing relations, develop new opportunities for economic growth, and expand trade and investment by convening public and private sector organizations and leaders for planning, discussion, and cooperation.